Artificial Intelligence: The Origin of The Future

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machines that mimic cognitive functions that humans associate with the human mind, such as learning and problem-solving.”

Although the term “artificial intelligence” has been coined in 1955, A.I. is generally accepted as having its roots in the invention of robots. Since ancient times, humans have been fascinated with “artificial beings.” They have attempted to build self-operating machines resembling animals and humans. At first, the goal was to replicate the body. Since the 1950s the challenge has become the replication of the brain and its mental processes.

From robots to artificially intelligent robots

The Czech writer Karel Capek formally introduced the word robot in his 1921 play, “R.U. R” (Rossum’s Universal Robots). However, its first application can be traced back to the third century.

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Can machines think?

In the 1950s, the British mathematician and computer scientist Alan Turing posed the emblematic question, “Can machines think?”. It was a crucial step in the history of A.I., and Turing’s publication’s “Computing Machinery and Intelligence” marks a turning point. The interest was not focused anymore on machines/robots able to walk, sing, or play instruments. The core of the discussion was about building intelligent machines, solving problems, making decisions like humans, and testing their intelligence.

  1. computers were costly. It has been estimated that in 1950, leasing a computer was around $200,000 a month.

August 31, 1955: A.I.’s birth and its manifesto

On August 31, 1955, the American computer scientist John McCarthy coined the term “Artificial Intelligence.” On that date, indeed, he wrote a proposal along with Marvin Minsky, Nathaniel Rochester, and Claude Shannon to the Rockefeller Foundation titled “A Proposal for the Dartmouth summer research project on Artificial Intelligence.”

1957- 1974: A.I. flourishing

The obstacles that had stopped Turing were overcome: computers became faster, store more information, and cheaper. A.I. flourished.

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